Watermills

In previous times, the traditional watermills for milling of cereals were developped along the large rivers and streams of the region of Amari and generally of the whole Crete. Watermills of Amari belong to the category of ”Greek” type with an interior, relatively small, horizontal waterwheel (impeller) and are combined with significant water projects involving the transportation and the water management, like the ”neravlakes”, the ”cisterns” and the ”water towers” that ended in ”zourgia” where the movement mechanisation was located. Morphologically and structurally a typical watermill of Amari,that most of them are in ruins, is a simple and rectangular construction with broad fronts, with a single-room for both work and accommodation that sometimes included a small store with a loft for sleeping. Chronologically the construction of all the surviving water mills is estimated in the mid-19th century, but in someones there are traces of earlier periods which means that pre-existed and at times they were repaired and some additions were built.

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